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EMODnet Human Activities » Archive

Fishing for data – EMODnet and the oldest maritime activity

Fishing for data – EMODnet and the oldest maritime activity

Together with shipping, fishing is probably the maritime activity par excellence. There is evidence that humans have been harvesting food from the sea since the times of hunters-gatherers, who soon learned to also produce pots for cooking the fish they caught. Things have evolved since then, and whether carried out by large trawlers or small vessels, fishing is now a professional activity that makes a significant contribution to nutrition, as well as to economic growth, especially … Read entire article »

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Wild is the Wind: Who is stepping up for offshore wind farms?

Wild is the Wind: Who is stepping up for offshore wind farms?

The use of sea-based wind power is proving to be a smart strategy for the European energy policy. It not only reduces greenhouse emissions and strengthen the security of supply, but also generates local employment and provides local cohesion. Therefore, next time you see one of those impressive wind turbines at sea, remember: the turn of the blades is improving both EU environmental protection and competitiveness worldwide. In fact, Europe has continued to power up record … Read entire article »

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The importance of unified co-management of cross-boundary fisheries

The importance of unified co-management of cross-boundary fisheries

Fish are incorrigible disrespecters of invisible boundaries, national and otherwise. In Europe there are few if any marine fisheries with stocks that do not overlap or seasonally cross any national maritime boundaries. As a result, fisheries in the Baltic, North, Mediterranean and other seas are all best managed not by individual nations but by international bodies. An example is the Baltic Sea cod fishery, for which the Baltic Sea Fisheries Commission (BSFC) was established by the … Read entire article »

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Links between dredge spoil dumping and the marine environment

Links between dredge spoil dumping and the marine environment

Dredge spoil refers to unconsolidated, randomly mixed sediments composed of rock, soil, or shell materials extracted and deposited during dredging and dumping activities.  Dredge spoils lie unconformably upon natural, undisturbed soil and can form anthropogenic landforms – dredge spoil bank. Significant amounts of spoil are created by the dredging for navigation, and to create new or enlarge existing channel, port, marina and boat harbour areas. Dredging for engineering purposes, to create trenches for pipes, cables, immersed … Read entire article »

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And then there were pipelines

And then there were pipelines

A pipeline is a series of connected pipes that are used to carry fluids such as oil, gas, water, or sewage. They are used for transport on land, but they can also be laid on the seabed. In the latter case the infrastructure can be referred to as an offshore, marine, submarine or subsea pipeline. As is often the case with human activity, pipelines can be extremely useful and dangerous at the same time. They convey … Read entire article »

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Marine aquaculture zoning and site selection, contribution of GIS-based tools

Marine aquaculture zoning and site selection, contribution of GIS-based tools

A key obstacle in the development of EU marine aquaculture is the overall low availability or low accessibility of suitable areas in coastal areas.  The creation of new aquaculture sites often faces sea-space use conflicts and/or opposition from coastal inhabitants and policy-makers (not in my backyard, not in my term of office). A recent survey conducted by FAO and the World Bank[1] promoting the ecosystem approach to aquaculture, provides the conceptual guideline and operational tools for … Read entire article »

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Marine aggregate extraction data to support new 2018 MSFD reporting phase

Marine aggregate extraction data to support new 2018 MSFD reporting phase

A better understanding of the relationships between human pressures and ecosystems is one of the main challenges for marine waters quality assessment. Realising this is dependent upon the availability of reliable, complete, harmonized and, ideally, free data on marine and maritime human activities. These data are essential for effectively managing our seas and oceans in a way that achieves good environmental status as defined in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Most of the human … Read entire article »

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Vessel density map: and so it begins!

Vessel density map: and so it begins!

In June we left you with a promise: we’d make a vessel density map of EU waters and we’d share it on our portal for you to view and download. In the meantime, several things have happened. A meeting took place in Brussels in September and the discussion ensued enabled us to better define the requirements that the maps should have to be as useful as possible to the maritime community. Getting Started Now, we’ve just purchased … Read entire article »

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Inland aquaculture: a river of opportunities?

Inland aquaculture: a river of opportunities?

Up to now, the EMODnet Human Activities portal has only included maps of marine aquaculture facilities located “at sea”, namely beyond the coast line. The scope of the mariculture dataset is currently being extended to shore-based farms rearing marine species and to inland aquaculture sites producing freshwater species (now available). While marine aquaculture has developed strongly over the past decades, EU28 freshwater aquaculture (including salmon and trout farmed in freshwater) still represents 55% of the total … Read entire article »

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Contribution of EMODnet Ocean Energy to Marine Spatial Planning

Contribution of EMODnet Ocean Energy to Marine Spatial Planning

Marine spatial planning (MSP) is increasingly being used to map, control and coordinate ocean uses (Huckerby et al., 2016)[1]. According to O’Hagan (2016)[2], the majority of countries which have some form of MSP in place do not reflect ocean energy in terms of either reserved or pre-allocated zones for future ocean energy activity. In other countries such as Denmark, Germany and Sweden, the offshore wind is the only form of marine renewable energy identified, with … Read entire article »

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